Astrobiology Space Missions to seed the Universe with Life
Society for Life in Space (SOLIS)
- The Interstellar Panspermia Society -
Dedicated to promote the future of life in space through directed panspermia. Payloads of selected microorganisms will start evolution in new solar systems. Panspermia missions can start in this century.
Panspermia Paper: Strategies and Motivation for Seeding Star-Forming Clouds
(Journal of the British Interplanetary Society 1997, 50, 93-102.)
Targets and Propulsion
We may launch swarms of capsules by solar sails from Earth orbit, or using shielded 10 - 100 kg payloads that will disperse into millions of capsules at the targets. Each capsule can seed a new planet, or incorporate in asteroids and comets, which will deliver them to planets later when they can sustain life.
Directed Panspermia: Astroecology, Biomass, and the Cosmological Future of Life
Meteorite materials show that asteroids and comets can sustain microorganisms. With these nutrient sources we can construct a biomass of 1E22 kg, and eventually human populations of 1E18, ie., million of trillions in each inhabited solar system similar to ours.
The amount of life that will exist in each solar system can be measured as biomass integrated over its lifetime. This can be 1E43 kg-years in each solar system, 1E48 kg-years about future red and white dwarf stars in the galaxy, and 1E59 kg-years if all the mass / energy is use for biological resources.
These future amounts of life are vastly greater than what has existed to date. Our panspermia missions can secure an immense future for Life.
Objectives and Ethics
We are part of the family of Life. We all share the complex structures which make us unique in Nature.
As intelligent members of the family of Life, we must therefore secure and maximize Life in the universe.
With a life-centered panbiotic astroethics we can expand Life in space. The Life that we plant can expand to fill the universe. The new branches of Life will advance further, and our descendants may seek eternity. In them, our existence will find a cosmic purpose.
Natural panspermia has been proposed by prominent scientists: Lord Kelvin (1880's), Svante Arrhenius (1906), and Hoyle and Wickramasinge (1970's to present), and it is considered seriously by astrobiologists.
Directed panspermia was mentioned by Shklovskii and Sagan (1966) and Orgel and Crick (1973). We have been studying panspermia missions since 1977. The Panspermia Society (SOLIS) was formed in 1995 to develop this program.
Detailed discussions of directed
panspermia, astroecology and astroethics:
"Seeding The Universe with Life
- Securing Our Cosmological Future -"
© M. N. Mautner, Legacy Books, 2000
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Motivation: Life-centered, panbiotic ethics
- Life is unique in nature. The laws of nature coincide precisely to allow the complex processes of Life. In this sense, the universe came to a unique point in the living patterns.
- The essence of life is self-propagation. This act is equivalent to the pursuit of a purpose. Inherent in Life there is a purpose.
- We are part of the family of life. The purpose of life is also the human purpose.
- Therefore, the human purpose is to safeguard and maximize life in the universe.
Seeding young planets.
Many new solar systems are forming where life would not have started. They are fertile grounds for seeding, and we shall not interfere with indigenous life.
Rapid progress in propulsion, solar sailing, astrometry and biotechnology will allow successful panspermia missions in this century. Launching from permanent space stations will be cheap and easy.
Life tends to expand, but it is also fragile, and the longevity of our civilization is unknown. We should assure now that Life survives and expands.
Does extraterrestrial life exist?
Even the most simple cell requires thousands of highly complex biomolecules. The origin of such systems may be improbable. We may be able to prove extraterrestrial life millennia. We can secure that we shall not be alone by seeding the universe.
Expanding life in the universe.
As the guardians of Life, we should secure our family of organic life. By seeding new solar systems, we can fulfil the drive of Life for progress. Our seeds can evolve into new branches of intelligent life who will propagate life further in the galaxy. Human existence will then achieve a cosmic purpose.
* Technical Considerations * Astroethics *
* Panspermia Society Info *
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